## Saturday, March 23, 2024

Understanding PLANETARY GEAR set!

The planetary gear set, also known as the epicyclic gear train, is one of the most important and interesting inventions in engineering. They are great speed variation mechanisms, and are often used in automobiles as a vital part of automatic transmissions. We will explore the secrets of the planetary gear set in this video.

Intro – planetary gears also refer as epicyclic gearing consisting of three elements sun gear, planetary gear and ring gear. Sun gear is located at the center that transmits torque to planet gears orbiting around the sun gear. Both systems are located inside the ring gear. In the toothed formation sun and planet gears are externally mesh and ring gear internally meshes. (See Fig. 01)Fig. 01

Planetary gear is found in many variations and arrangements to meet a broad range of speed-ratio in the deign requirements. Planetary gear system is used in varied applications such as, clocks, lunar calendar, car mirror, toys, gearhead motor, turbine engine and many more.

For detail understanding on the planetary gear: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epicyclic_gearing Planetary Gear Design

Planetary gear system will not assemble unless the number of teeth in each gear is selected properly.

Planetary spur gear drive ratio 5:1 means the sun gear must make 5 revolutions for each revolution of the output carrier.

Desired number of teeth in the sun gear is 24.

Design requirements:

Ratio = 5:1

Sun gear = 24

Module = 1

Since, I am working in the metric unit every dimension will be in mm. Selecting gears in metric unit the gear tooth profile of the spur gear will be in Module.

M=Module

N = Number of teeth

Nr = Number of teeth on the ring gear

Pd= Pitch Diameter

R = Ratio

PDs=N/M=24/1=24mm Eq. 01

Pitch diameter of the sun gear is 24.

Calculate the number if teeth required in the ring gear for the ratio 5:1.

R=1+Nr/Pd Eq. 02

Solve for Nr

Nr=Pd(R-1)=24(5-1)=24(4)=96 teeth

Pitch diameter of the ring gear with 96 teeth and 1 module is.

Pd=Nr/M Eq. 03 Pd=96/1=96mm

Pitch diameter of the planet gears must be found from.

PDp=(Nr-PDs)/2=(96-24)/2=72/2=36mm

Number of teeth in the planet gears may now be found from.

PDp=N/M Eq. 04 36mm=N/1  36mm (1)=N  N =36 teeth

Check:

R=1+Nr/P_D =1+96/24=1+4=5

The ratio is 5:1, as design was required.

Understanding PLANETARY GEAR set!

The planetary gear set, also known as the epicyclic gear train, is one of the most important and interesting inventions in engineering. They are great speed variation mechanisms, and are often used in automobiles as a vital part of automatic transmissions. We will explore the secrets of the planetary gear set in this video.

Intro – planetary gears also refer as epicyclic gearing consisting of three elements sun gear, planetary gear and ring gear. Sun gear is located at the center that transmits torque to planet gears orbiting around the sun gear. Both systems are located inside the ring gear. In the toothed formation sun and planet gears are externally mesh and ring gear internally meshes. (See Fig. 01)Fig. 01

Planetary gear is found in many variations and arrangements to meet a broad range of speed-ratio in the deign requirements. Planetary gear system is used in varied applications such as, clocks, lunar calendar, car mirror, toys, gearhead motor, turbine engine and many more.

For detail understanding on the planetary gear: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epicyclic_gearing Planetary Gear Design

Planetary gear system will not assemble unless the number of teeth in each gear is selected properly.

Planetary spur gear drive ratio 5:1 means the sun gear must make 5 revolutions for each revolution of the output carrier.

Desired number of teeth in the sun gear is 24.

Design requirements:

Ratio = 5:1

Sun gear = 24

Module = 1

Since, I am working in the metric unit every dimension will be in mm. Selecting gears in metric unit the gear tooth profile of the spur gear will be in Module.

M=Module

N = Number of teeth

Nr = Number of teeth on the ring gear

Pd= Pitch Diameter

R = Ratio

PDs=N/M=24/1=24mm Eq. 01

Pitch diameter of the sun gear is 24.

Calculate the number if teeth required in the ring gear for the ratio 5:1.

R=1+Nr/Pd Eq. 02

Solve for Nr

Nr=Pd(R-1)=24(5-1)=24(4)=96 teeth

Pitch diameter of the ring gear with 96 teeth and 1 module is.

Pd=Nr/M Eq. 03 Pd=96/1=96mm

Pitch diameter of the planet gears must be found from.

PDp=(Nr-PDs)/2=(96-24)/2=72/2=36mm

Number of teeth in the planet gears may now be found from.

PDp=N/M Eq. 04 36mm=N/1  36mm (1)=N  N =36 teeth

Check:

R=1+Nr/P_D =1+96/24=1+4=5

The ratio is 5:1, as design was required.